State of Refugees: An Introduction to Refugee and Immigration Issues in Canada

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Org: Canadian Council for Refugees
Date: 2008

This 8-page Canadian Council for Refugees (CCR) booklet outlines Canada's roles in protecting refugees and refugee claimants, and our responsibility to protect the rights of non-citizens in Canada.

The booklet is organized into the following sections:

  • Refugees

Refugees are people who are forced to leave their home countries because of serious human rights abuses.

  • Canada and Refugees

Refugees can find protection and a permanent home in Canada through one of two ways: resettlement or refugee claim process.

  • Canada and non-citizen rights

Basic human rights belong to all people, regardless of their citizenship (or statelessness).

  • Resettlement

For many refugees around the world, resettlement to a third country such as Canada represents the only available solution.

  • Refugee Claim Process

A person fleeing persecution who is at Canada's borders or within the country can make a refugee claim. The claim process has two main steps: Eligibility and Refugee determination.

  • Family Reunification

Families may be able to reunite in Canada in a number of ways.

  • Settlement and Integration

Newcomers go through a process, beginning with settlement, when they make the basic adjustments to life in a new country, and moving through

to integration, when they become full and equal participants in all dimensions of society in the long-term.

  • Protection of trafficked persons

Currently, women, children and men who are trafficked into or within Canada often fall between the cracks in the system. Detained and deported, they may be

  • Security for whom?

The potential consequences of being inadmissible on security grounds are dramatic.

Download a copy of the booklet - PDF format (600 KB, 8 pages).