Difference between revisions of "Settlement and Mental Health"

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= Settlement and Mental Health =
 
= Settlement and Mental Health =
 
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=== Mental Health in Canada ===
 
=== Mental Health in Canada ===
  
*One in five Canadian lives with a mental health illness each year. [http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/SiteCollectionDocuments/January_2013/Case_for_Investment/Investing_in_Mental_Health_FINAL_ENG.pdf Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC)]
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*One in five Canadian lives with a mental health illness each year. [http://strategy.mentalhealthcommission.ca/the-facts/ Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC)]
 
*Immigrants and refugees experience stresses associated with immigration and resettlement that may place them at increased risk of developing mental health problems. [http://www.ontario.cmha.ca/about_mental_health.asp?cID=23054 Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) Ontario]
 
*Immigrants and refugees experience stresses associated with immigration and resettlement that may place them at increased risk of developing mental health problems. [http://www.ontario.cmha.ca/about_mental_health.asp?cID=23054 Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) Ontario]
 
*Canadian newcomer mental health has been described in [http://www.toronto.ca/health/map/newcomer.htm The Global City: Newcomer Health in 2011]:
 
*Canadian newcomer mental health has been described in [http://www.toronto.ca/health/map/newcomer.htm The Global City: Newcomer Health in 2011]:
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== Concepts, Skills & Terminology ==
 
== Concepts, Skills & Terminology ==
<div style="float:right;width:400px;text-align:right"><videoflash type="youtube">aPGkLDOSPmM|400|300</videoflash>Predicting Who is "Good" at Being an Immigrant</div>
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<div style="float:right;width:400px;text-align:right"><videoflash type="youtube">RgeNgYhSsME|400|300</videoflash>Kwame McKenzie: Diversity and Mental Health</div>
 
'''Discover important concepts, definitions and terms relating to mental health in the settlement sector.'''
 
'''Discover important concepts, definitions and terms relating to mental health in the settlement sector.'''
  
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*[[Immigrant Settlement Counselling: A Training Guide/Module 7: Mental Health Issues]] - Ontario Council of Agencies Serving Immigrants (OCASI) - '''2000'''
 
*[[Immigrant Settlement Counselling: A Training Guide/Module 7: Mental Health Issues]] - Ontario Council of Agencies Serving Immigrants (OCASI) - '''2000'''
 
*[http://www.cleo.on.ca/en/publications/mentill Mental Health, Criminal Offences and Deportation: Tips for Front-line Workers] - Community Legal Education Ontario (CLEO) - '''2013'''
 
*[http://www.cleo.on.ca/en/publications/mentill Mental Health, Criminal Offences and Deportation: Tips for Front-line Workers] - Community Legal Education Ontario (CLEO) - '''2013'''
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*[http://ca.ctrinstitute.com/free-webinar/ Mindfulness as a Counselling Tool (Recorded Webinar)] - Crisis and Trauma Research Institute Inc. - '''2016'''
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*[http://edmonton.cmha.ca/mental-health/multi-language-brochures/#.V5tNU5MrKAx Multi-Language Mental Health Brochures] - Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) - '''2016'''
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*[https://ca.ctrinstitute.com/free-webinar/refugees-and-trauma-free-webinar/ Refugees and Trauma – Tips for Supporting (Webinar Recording)] - Crisis and Trauma Research Institute Inc. - '''2016'''
 
*[http://knowledgex.camh.net/amhspecialists/guidelines_materials/Documents/refugee_mental_health_prompractices.pdf Refugee Mental Health:Promising Practices and Partnership Building Resources] - Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) - '''2010'''
 
*[http://knowledgex.camh.net/amhspecialists/guidelines_materials/Documents/refugee_mental_health_prompractices.pdf Refugee Mental Health:Promising Practices and Partnership Building Resources] - Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) - '''2010'''
*[http://knowledgex.camh.net/health_equity/Pages/Toolkit.aspx Refugee Mental Health Toolkit] – Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)  
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*[https://www.porticonetwork.ca/web/rmhp/toolkit Refugee Mental Health Toolkit] – Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)  
 
: This online toolkit is a collection of online training, tools and material to be used by service providers on mental health
 
: This online toolkit is a collection of online training, tools and material to be used by service providers on mental health
 
*[http://www.who.int/mental_health/evidence/en/promoting_mhh.pdf Report on the Promotion of Mental Health] - World Health Organization (WHO) - '''2004'''
 
*[http://www.who.int/mental_health/evidence/en/promoting_mhh.pdf Report on the Promotion of Mental Health] - World Health Organization (WHO) - '''2004'''
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==== Online Learning ====
 
==== Online Learning ====
  
*[http://www.sickkids.ca/culturalcompetence/elearning-modules/eLearning-modules.html Cultural Competence E-Learning Modules Series] - The Hospital for Sick Children (Sick Kids)
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*[http://myhealthmatters.ca/the-difference-between-depression-and-being-sad-or-unhappy/ The Difference Between Depression and Being Sad or Unhappy] - Dr/ So,pme Vigod, Psychiatrist, Women's College Hospital - '''2014'''
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*[http://learnatwork.ca/ Journey to Promote Mental Health: A Training Series for Community Workers (Self-directed)] - Ontario Council of Agencies Serving Immigrants (OCASI) and Hong Fook Mental Health Association
 
*[http://learnatwork.ca/ Journey to Promote Mental Health: A Training Series for Community Workers (Self-directed)] - Ontario Council of Agencies Serving Immigrants (OCASI) and Hong Fook Mental Health Association
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*[http://www.camhx.ca/education/online_courses_webinars/mha101/ Mental Health and Addiction 101 Series] - Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)
 
*[http://www.camhx.ca/education/online_courses_webinars/mha101/ Mental Health and Addiction 101 Series] - Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)
 
*[http://www.camh.ca/en/hospital/health_information/the_forensic_mental_health_system_in_ontario/Pages/the_forensic_mental_health_system_in_ontario.aspx The Forensic Mental Health System in Ontario: An Information Guide] - Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)
 
*[http://www.camh.ca/en/hospital/health_information/the_forensic_mental_health_system_in_ontario/Pages/the_forensic_mental_health_system_in_ontario.aspx The Forensic Mental Health System in Ontario: An Information Guide] - Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)
*[http://knowledgex.camh.net/HEALTH_EQUITY/IMMIGRANTS_ETHNORACIAL/Pages/elearning.aspx The Refugee Mental Health Course for Settlement Workers] - Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)
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*[http://www.sickkids.ca/culturalcompetence/journey-to-cultural-competence-film/Journey-to-Cultural-Competence-Film.html The Journey to Cultural Competence Film] - The Hospital for Sick Children (Sick Kids)
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*[https://www.porticonetwork.ca/web/rmhp/courses The Refugee Mental Health Course for Settlement Workers] - Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)
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*[http://www.sickkids.ca/ProgramsandServices/centre-for-innovation-and-excellence/Health-Equity-Cultural-Competence/Film-The-Journey-to-Cultural-Competence/Film-Journey-to-CC.html The Journey to Cultural Competence Film] - The Hospital for Sick Children (Sick Kids)
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*[https://www.porticonetwork.ca/web/rmhp/participate/webinar-series Refugee Mental Health Webinars] - Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)
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*[http://media.psychologyfoundation.org/SupportingNewcomers/story.html Supporting Newcomer's Mental Health: Sharing our Success Stories (eLearning)] - The Psychology Foundation of Canada
 
*[http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/English/issues/suicide-prevention/suicide-prevention-webinar-series?routetoken=1497c1ef1bb0c89a12c03902e08f51e9&terminitial=241 Suicide Prevention Webinar Series] - Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC)
 
*[http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/English/issues/suicide-prevention/suicide-prevention-webinar-series?routetoken=1497c1ef1bb0c89a12c03902e08f51e9&terminitial=241 Suicide Prevention Webinar Series] - Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC)
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*[http://livingmyculture.ca/culture/ LivingMyCulture.Ca - Multilingual video series about end of life care, spirituality and grief] - Canadian Virtual Hospice
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=== Related Projects/Initiatives ===
 
=== Related Projects/Initiatives ===
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== Find Services ==
 
== Find Services ==
  
*[http://www.camh.ca/en/hospital/visiting_camh/rights_and_policies/Pages/Challenges_and_Choices.aspx Challenges & Choices: Finding Mental Health Services in Ontario] Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) '''$'''
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*[http://www.camh.ca/en/hospital/visiting_camh/rights_and_policies/Pages/Challenges_and_Choices.aspx Challenges & Choices: Finding Mental Health Services in Ontario] Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) '''2003'''
 
*[http://www.kidsmentalhealth.ca/professionals/service_seeking.php Children's Mental Health Ontario Website] - Children's Mental Health Ontario (CMHO)
 
*[http://www.kidsmentalhealth.ca/professionals/service_seeking.php Children's Mental Health Ontario Website] - Children's Mental Health Ontario (CMHO)
 
*[http://www.connexontario.ca/ ConnexOntario Health Service Information] - ConnexOntario
 
*[http://www.connexontario.ca/ ConnexOntario Health Service Information] - ConnexOntario
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*[http://www.ontario.cmha.ca/admin_ver2/maps/network_23-3_winter_2008.pdf Navigating the System] - Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) of Ontario - '''2008'''
 
*[http://www.ontario.cmha.ca/admin_ver2/maps/network_23-3_winter_2008.pdf Navigating the System] - Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) of Ontario - '''2008'''
 
*[https://knowledgex.camh.net/amhspecialists/resources_families/Documents/ptsd_brochure.pdf Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)] - Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)  
 
*[https://knowledgex.camh.net/amhspecialists/resources_families/Documents/ptsd_brochure.pdf Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)] - Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)  
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*[https://www.suicideinfo.ca/ Suicide Prevention] - Centre for Suicide Prevention
 
*[http://www.mentalhealthhelpline.ca/Search/ServiceTypes Types of Mental Health Services in Ontario] - Ontario Mental Health Helpline
 
*[http://www.mentalhealthhelpline.ca/Search/ServiceTypes Types of Mental Health Services in Ontario] - Ontario Mental Health Helpline
 
*[http://www.settlement.org/findhelp/ Services Near Me] - Settlement.Org
 
*[http://www.settlement.org/findhelp/ Services Near Me] - Settlement.Org

Latest revision as of 15:27, 29 September 2016

Settlement and Mental Health

Quick Facts Concepts, Skills and Terminology How to Learn More Find Services
Head.jpgSettlement workers need to have basic knowledge of mental health. They need to have enhanced capacity to detect early signs of mental health issues in immigrants and refugees, and strengthened ability to connect those at risk to the appropriate services.

Quick Facts

Mental Health in Canada

1. Most newcomers arrive in better health, including mental health, than Canadian-born residents.
2. Overall, newcomers lose their health advantage and their health declines over time.
3. Newcomers have diverse health needs. Certain newcomer sub-populations are at higher risk for specific mental health issues, including women, low income newcomers, some racialized newcomers and refugees.
4. Settlement is a health issue.
5. Newcomers experience multiple barriers to accessing necessary services. This includes access for mental healthcare and services for newcomers to specialists, counselling and therapy, and education and prevention programs.
6. Newcomers' health knowledge and positive behaviours should be acknowledged and promoted.

Social Determinants of Health

  • Social factors may have an influence over a life course to increase or decrease someone‟s risk of developing a mental health problem or illness. Some increase vulnerability while others act as factors that precipitate illness. Some prolong illness and still others prevent illness and restore health.
  • Vulnerability at specific transitions in life, such as during migration, are due to a significant increase in life stresses at a time when the social safety-net may not be as strong.
  • The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) lists 12 determinants of health. With the exception of the biology and genetic endowment determinant, the rest of the 11 of these determinants could be considered social determinants of health and may be particularly pertinent to immigrant and refugee groups. In addition, an important determinant of health that is relevant to immigrants and refugees is their migration experience and immigration category. The Global City: Newcomer Health in 2011

Mental Health and Culture

  • Although mental illnesses have similar symptoms across cultures, their manifestations and how people describe and interpret symptoms vary with ethnicity and culture.
  • For instance, some ethno-cultural groups are more likely to present emotional problems as physical problems.
  • Similarly, stigma within a culture varies according to the cultural and sociological backgrounds of the community.
  • There is evidence that ethnic minorities experience mental illness stigma more harshly than majority groups. Due to family-shared shame, and different cultural perceptions of mental illness and its causes, many members of minority groups delay treatment. Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) Ontario.

Concepts, Skills & Terminology

Kwame McKenzie: Diversity and Mental Health

Discover important concepts, definitions and terms relating to mental health in the settlement sector.

Terminology

  • The WHO (World Health Organization) describes mental health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. It is the foundation for well-being of individuals, families and communities.
  • The WHO defines mental health as “... a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community”.

Resources

Concepts

Three ideas central to the improvement of health follow from the definition above:

  • Mental health is an integral part of health.
  • Mental health is more than the absence of illness.
  • Mental health is intimately connected with physical health and behaviour.

Skills

Supporting Refugee Mental Health

Cultural Competence

Although there is no universally accepted definition of cultural competence, the common elements are the key principles of cultural competence, such as inclusiveness, holistic health, anti-oppression, and valuing diversity have been recommended for practice in settlement service delivery for immigrants and refugees. Ontario Federation of Community Mental Health and Addiction Programs, 2009

Rationale for Cultural Competence in Service Delivery:

  • Ontario’s demographics have become vastly diverse. This diversity goes beyond language and culture.
  • Service providers are finding it increasingly challenging to provide adequate mental health care to diverse populations.
  • Evidence shows differential and inadequate levels of service for particular marginalized populations, resulting in negative health outcomes.Ontario Federation of Community Mental Health and Addiction Programs - 2009


Benefits for Cultural Competence Approach in Service Delivery include:

  • Improved access for underserved groups.
  • Improved service quality.
  • Greater satisfaction with services received.
  • Reduced health disparities.

In order to provide culturally safe services to respond to the diverse needs of Canadians immigrant and newcomer groups, service providers need to communicate and practice in a way that takes into account the social, political,
linguistic and spiritual realities of individuals seeking our support while working in partnership with them. (Mental Health Commission of Canada - 2009).


Some Guiding Principles for Dealing with Mental Health in Settlement Work

The Hong Fook Reference Handbook 2012 includes the following themes, amongst others, in guiding settlement service to immigrants and refugees with mental health challenges:

  • Mental health can be conceptualized in terms of a continuum from wellness to illness instead of discrete states.
  • Empowerment and capacity building.
  • Diversity and cultural competence.
  • Wellness and recovery; and community participation.


Common types of mental illnesses and their signs are described by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) in the Mental Health and Addiction 101 Series.


How to Learn More

40px-Crystal package settings.png Featured Resource! Journey to Promote Mental Health: A Training Series for Community Workers (Self-directed) - Ontario Council of Agencies Serving Immigrants (OCASI) and Hong Fook Mental Health Association

Further your knowledge with practical guides, best practices, projects and research.

Find out how to become qualified to work in the field through online or classroom-based training.

Best Practices/Practical Guides

This online toolkit is a collection of online training, tools and material to be used by service providers on mental health

Courses/Training

Workshop to learn the signs and symptoms of mental illness, and develop the skills and tools for how to best engage with those experiencing mental health challenges.
This workshop helps service providers understand how individuals from different cultures view mental illness, what their understanding of treatment is, and how that impacts the way in which they seek help.
An interactive 2-day training series for settlement service providers, offered across Ontario
A free workshop series for newcomer communities, communities of mental health survivors, mental health services, agencies and institutions.
This workshop teaches strategies for handling challenging personality types and minimizing the impact of their attitudes and behaviors in our lives.
Individual and in-house group training for staff from immigrant service agencies whose positions are funded by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) and the Ontario Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration (MCI)
This workshop helps individuals identify the main contributors to work/life stress, and learn coping strategies to achieve a sense of balance, satisfaction and success in their family and work lives.

Online Learning



Related Projects/Initiatives

Further Reading

CMHA runs the Working Together: Across Cultures Project. In partnership with community, settlement, and employment organizations CMHA Toronto provides mental health capacity and cultural competency workshops to increase the quality of life of newcomers who are experiencing resettlement stress and mental health issues.

Find Services


If you want to comment or share a resource with us you can email atwork@ocasi.org or create your own page!